General information about working memory
Working memory is the ability to hold and manipulate information for short periods of time. It is a high level cognitive skill where students direct their attention to a task, despite distractions in the environment. A number of research studies have confirmed strong, significant, positive links between working memory and academic achievement in all students.
Previous research has suggested that low working memory skills are linked to underachievement in education for primary school children (about 10% of students). This is because students with poor attention skills and low working memory can become overloaded with instructions and information, and so are unable to cope well with meeting the educational demands in the classroom.